Further, johnson also presents challenges to successful decision-making outcomes particularly in the area of groupthink (2011) further, as posited by social psychologist irving janis, cohesion is the greatest obstacle faced by groups charged with making effective and ethical decisions. It is the mode of thinking that happens when the desire for harmony in a decision-making group overrides a realistic appraisal of alternatives” of groupthink . The aim of this article is to explore the role leadership plays in enhancing as well as mitigating groupthink in team decision-making processes as the final . decision-making is fundamentally the process of making a choice from a number of alternatives and it has three levels which are individual, group and organizational (buchanan, 2010) nowadays, more and more organization use group decision-making and the benefit of group decision-making is that groups offer the advantages of a greater pool of knowledge, different perspectives, greater .
Groupthink: decision making and group the term groupthink originated in 1952 in fortune magazine by the author william whyte the theory, however, was not researched or clearly defined until around 1972 by irving janis. In line with the evolution rather than the conscious manipulation of the antecedents in janis’s groupthink model is the fourth and final assumption--namely that group problem solving or decision making is and ought to be a rational, linear, and scientific-like set of procedures. A group is more vulnerable to groupthink when the group is composed of members with similar backgrounds, is highly cohesive, has no clear rules or defined processes for decision making, has an . Group think led to fiascos groupthink has been blamed for decision making fiascos in politics sometimes groups of highly qualified and experienced people make very poor decisions the military.
Groupthink is a psychological phenomenon that occurs within a group of people in which the desire for harmony or conformity in the group results in an irrational or dysfunctional decision-making outcome. As janis put it, groupthink refers to a deterioration of mental efficiency, and allow the group to reach its own independent consensus before making a final decision leaders can also be . It is the groupthink and abilene paradox the making of irrational decisions and failure to manage group agreement respectively this is an expected natural occurrence in decision making involving groups. In this essay, it will focus on groupthink and firstly will give the definition and then talk about symptoms, give some examples about how groupthink make decision false and give some ideas about how to prevent it and finally give a conclusion. International journal of management, business, and administration volume 13, number 1, 2010 1 group decision making: the potential for groupthink.
The tragedy of groupthink in juries in the courtroom, the vital outcome depends solely on the members of the jury it is frightening to imagine that people holding such an important decision could be subject to groupthink and conformity. Assumption of 'groupthink': groups and group decision making are complex -small groups need to understand the available and be able to distinguish among these available options -understanding the task at hand and people involved is important. Groupthink is a widely utilized theory in social psychology, organizational theory, group decision-making sciences, and management fieldsgroupthink, a term coined by social psychologist irving janis (1972), occurs. Use blindspot analysis to review whether common decision-making problems like over-confidence, escalating commitment, or groupthink may have undermined the process and consider checking the logical structure of your process with the ladder of inference , to make sure that a well-founded and consistent decision emerges at the end. Groupthink, a psychological phenomenon that results in groups making irrational or dysfunctional decisions, is a large issue within most teams when groups are making decisions, groupthink can lead to poor decision making due to a desire for harmony or conformitythis can affect decisions throughout departments within an organization.
Symptoms of groupthink mind guards seek to control decision-making trade space and options that are put in front of the group learn more about groupthink and . Groupthink theory and its implications for group decision making methods groupthink is the name given to a theory or model that was extensively developed by irving janis (1972) to describe faulty decision making that can occur in groups as a result of forces that bring a group together (group cohesion). Groupthink occurs when a team or organization becomes so similar in their outlook that they lose the ability to be creative in their decision making the results is an environment where . Janis coined the term “groupthink” to describe the type of group decision-making problem which occurs when cohesive group members’ desire to maintain good relations and achieve unanimity .
The likelihood of groupthink among a particular decision-making body is impacted by four main antecedent conditions: the cohesiveness and stress-levels of the group, the lack of impartiality of the group's leader, as well as the institutional context of the decision making process. There is a major difference between group discussion, group decision making, groupthink and groupshift in order to maintain a well-functioning group, one should encourage group discussions and collaborative decision making but in the same place should try to eliminate groupthink and groupshift.
Groupthink model cannot always predict that groups with groupthink and so a poor decision making processes will result in a fiasco although, herek et al (1987) study examining 19 policy making. Effects of groupthink on tactical decision-making a monograph two military case studies where groupthink contributed to a poor decision outcome the final chapter . Groupthink_lecutre_final he ‘‘was not even asked to participate in giving input to the final decision” decision-making by groupthink 2003 .